Jumat, 08 Februari 2019

Waspadai Masa Pubertas Datang Lebih Awal atau Bahkan Terlambat

Waspadai Masa Pubertas Datang Lebih Awal atau Bahkan Terlambat

Sering kali anak pria usia 13 tahun yang belum merasakan perubahan suara atau anak wanita belum merasakan perkembangan payudara pada umur 12 tahun, dirasakan mengalami keterlambatan masa pubertas. Namun, tidak saja itu. Kenali firasat lainnya, guna mengantisipasi pubertas datang terlambat atau bahkan lebih awal.

Masa pubertas ialah masa saat tubuh anak-anak berkembang menjadi dewasa, baik secara jasmani maupun psikologis. Pada beberapa anak, masa pubertas yang datang lebih cepat atau lebih lambat dari umur seharusnya, bisa menjadi pertanda situasi yang serius.




Masa Pubertas pada Anak

Pada anak perempuan, masa pubertas dimulai dengan berkembangnya payudara, tumbuh rambut kemaluan, serta dimulainya siklus menstruasi. Umumnya evolusi ini dibuka saat anak berusia 8-13 tahun. Bentuk tubuh secara keseluruhan pun akan berubah dengan ukuran pinggul yang melebar.

Sementara pada anak lelaki, masa pubertas dibuka dengan penis yang membesar, evolusi suara yang menjadi lebih berat, kontur otot tubuh bakal lebih jelas, dada lebih bidang, dengan pundak yang melebar. Kondisi ini lazimnya mulai terjadi pada umur 9-14 tahun.

Perubahan format tubuh pada masa pubertas, diakibatkan oleh penambahan produksi hormon estrogen pada perempuan dan hormon testosteron pada pria.
Penyebab Masa Pubertas Datang Lebih Awal atau Terlambat

Masa pubertas yang datang lebih mula biasanya lebih tidak jarang terjadi pada anak perempuan. Umumnya diakibatkan oleh sejumlah hal berikut:

  •     Gangguan pada kelenjar tiroid ataupun ovarium.
  •     Kondisi genetik.
  •     Gangguan pada otak dampak tumor, infeksi, efek samping radioterapi, maupun efek pascaoperasi.
  •     Penyebab beda yang tidak diketahui secara pasti.

Sementara itu, masa pubertas yang datang terlambat pada anak wanita dapat ditandai dengan payudara belum tumbuh sampai usia 13 tahun, atau belum menstruasi sampai usia 15 tahun. Pada anak lelaki, testis belum berkembang menjadi lebih besar sampai usia 14 tahun.

Pada beberapa anak, penyebab masa pubertas terlambat belum diketahui secara pasti. Ada sejumlah faktor yang barangkali menjadi penyebabnya, antara lain:

  •     Malnutrisi, yang bisa terjadi pada anak dengan gangguan makan, laksana anoreksia nervosa.
  •     Kelainan genetik dan gangguan pada kromosom, laksana pada sindrom Turner, sindrom Kallman, dan sindrom Klinefelter.
  •     Penyakit kronis, laksana diabetes, sakit ginjal atau cystic fibrosis.
  •     Gangguan pada kelenjar tiroid, testis, ovarium, ataupun kelenjar hipofisis (pituitari).
  •     Gangguan pertumbuhan seksual, laksana sindrom insensitivitas androgen.
  •     Keterlambatan tumbuh kembang yang mempunyai sifat turunan, yakni adanya pola keterlambatan pubertas dalam keluarga.
  •     Kurang komposisi lemak pada tubuh anak wanita yang terlalu tidak sedikit beraktivitas jasmani atau terlampau giat berolahraga.
  •     Konsumsi obat-obatan tertentu, laksana cyclophosphamide (salah satu jenis obat kemoterapi) atau terapi kortikosteroid jangka panjang.

Jika kita menemukan situasi ini, tahapan kesatu guna menanganinya ialah dengan memeriksakan diri ke dokter. Masa pubertas yang datang lebih mula maupun datang terlambat perlu ditanggulangi sesuai penyebabnya. Bila diperlukan, dokter dapat menyerahkan obat-obatan untuk menata kadar hormon dalam tubuh.                       
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Sabtu, 19 Januari 2019

Benefits of Cassava Leaves and Processed Recipes



Benefits of Cassava Leaves and Processed Recipes

Benefits of Cassava - Cassava leaves are not only enjoyed in processed vegetables, but also contain higher protein than other plants. Let's get acquainted with the benefits of cassava leaves and the ingredients in them.

You might not imagine it before that cassava leaves contain high protein, including when compared to spinach. Apart from containing protein, cassava leaves include high-fibre foods.

Benefits of Cassava Leaves

Protein in cassava leaves is needed by the body to replace lost protein through hair, skin, and body tissues. While fibre requires to absorb water and facilitate digestion. Below are some of the benefits of cassava leaves based on the protein and fibre content in them:
  • Rich in protein

    The protein content of cassava leaves is believed to be able to help the production of hormones and enzymes needed by the body and to repair and shape body tissues. Eating foods that contain protein can make someone feel full longer. Therefore, cassava leaves are also suitable for those of you who want to lose weight.


  •  Fibre height

    Cassava leaves can be one of your daily menu choices that are losing weight, because of the fibre content they have. Cassava leaves have high fibre content and are expected to provide several benefits, such as losing weight and maintaining digestive health.

Recipes from Cassava Leaves

Benefits of Cassava - To experience the benefits of cassava leaves, you can process them according to taste. One menu that might be your choice is sauteed cassava leaves. To make it, you can listen to the recipe below.

Ingredients:

  • Two garlic cloves, chopped
  • Three cloves of shallots, chopped
  • Ginger to taste
  • Four red chillies, cut to liking Salt and sugar, to taste
  • ½ kg of cassava leaves that have been boiled first then cut into pieces
  • Dry tamban fish or change to taste


How to cook:

  • Saute onion, garlic, ginger and chilli.
  • If it's fragrant, add a little water.
  • Enter the cassava leaves and add more water.
  • Then add the tamban fish or additional ingredients you want.
  • Then add salt and sugar to your taste.
  • When it cooked, the water is sufficiently reduced, remove and serve.
The benefits of cassava leaves for the body are quite a lot, but you are not advised to consume them raw. Because cassava leaves and roots contain cyanide which is harmful to the body, if you feel symptoms of allergies or poisoning after eating cassava leaves, contact your doctor immediately.
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Jumat, 18 Januari 2019

Instant Noodles or Rice, Which One Makes you Fat Faster?


Instant noodles or rice, which one makes you fat faster?

Instant noodles or rice - Instant noodles are often a substitute for rice which is considered not too filling, so it will not make fat. Though that thought is not necessarily real, come find out, which type of food is more friendly to maintain weight, instant noodles or rice?

To answer this, let's compare the calories found in instant noodles and rice with the same weight. I am serving 35-40 grams of instant noodles or one package, containing 190 to 200 calories. Meanwhile, white rice with the same weight only contains 46 calories.

Instant Noodles VS Rice

From the comparison above, the calorie content of instant noodles is almost five times more than rice. That is, instant noodles have a higher risk of causing the body to get fat faster than rice. Not to mention, usually instant noodles served with eggs, sausages, corned beef or cheese, which certainly adds to the calorie content.

Then, there are more typical habits of the people in Indonesia, which mix instant noodles with rice, so that the calories consumed multiplied. In fact, in one day consisting of three meals, the caloric needs of adult women are only around 1,800-2,000, and adult men are around 2,200-2,400.
Not Good to Consume Excessively

In addition to high carbohydrate and fat content, instant noodles served with instant broth generally have high sodium or salt content. Excess sodium intake can harm the body, such as aggravating kidney work, high blood pressure, stroke, and heart problems.

Not only instant noodles but consuming white rice excessive can also trigger some diseases. According to research, Asian people who drink rice every day are more at risk of developing diabetes compared to Europeans who only consume rice less than five times per week.
Instant noodles or rice - They are now known as the dinner plate guide to fulfilling balanced nutrition, which is easy to practice every day. Rice or other types of carbohydrates are only allowed to fill the makan dinner plate, ¼ again filled with protein. The remaining half of the dish Filled with vegetables and fruit.

Rice is indeed difficult to separate from the people in Indonesia. Particularly for those of you who are at risk of developing diabetes, doctors recommend food products from whole grains instead of white rice.

Now, after reading the calorie content of each choice, now you know what to choose when feeling hungry?
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Kamis, 17 Januari 2019

Various Benefits of Telon Oil for Babies

 

Various Benefits of Telon Oil for Babies

Benefits of Telon Oil - Not only warms up, but Talon oil also has many benefits. The makes many parents apply talon oil to the baby's skin, especially after the baby baths.

In ten oil, there are three types of natural oils, namely eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, and coconut oil. Each natural oil content in ten oil has different benefits.

Benefits of Telon Oil

Here are some of the benefits often oil based on its content:

  •     Eucalyptus oil

    The material of eucalyptus oil contained in ten oil creates a warm sensation when applied to the skin. This content not only warms up but can also relieve itching due to mite bites.

  •     Fennel oil

    Fennel oil contained in ten oil can relieve stomach pain and runny nose. Also, in fennel oil is also held antimicrobial compounds which are believed to be able to prevent disease and inhibit the growth of certain fungi that may cause skin diseases.

  •     Coconut oil

    The content of coconut oil contained in talon oil is useful to moisturise the skin, including baby's skin. This content can hydrate the skin well and is proven to be able to overcome the symptoms of eczema characterised by rashes and itching. Coconut oil, which has antimicrobial properties, is also able to protect the skin from microorganisms that might cause skin infections.

How to use Telon Oil

Benefits of Telon Oil - Before applying talon oil to the skin, first read the packaging label. Usually, the packaging label shows the contents, procedures for use, and also the expiration date. Reading packaging labels is very important to know the safety of use, especially if used in infants.

Using melon oil that has expired can increase the risk of an allergic reaction. Also, the effectiveness and benefits of talon oil that has expired may have decreased.

Well, after carefully reading the packaging label, try applying a little talon oil to the skin. In infants, you can use a little talon oil to the legs and arms to see the possibility of an allergic reaction. If within 24 hours after ten oil is applied, the baby's skin looks reddish or inflamed, stop using it. Is probably due to the baby being allergic to the content contained in the melon oil.

Telon oil is believed to bring a variety of benefits. However, until now, no scientific evidence ensures the function and dosage of the use of Teflon oil, including in infants. Parents are advised not to apply too much melon oil to the baby's skin and consult a doctor about the safety of its use.
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Rabu, 16 Januari 2019

The Influence Of Bad Lifestyle

 

The Influence Of Bad Lifestyle


Bad Lifestyle - An unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of various types of diseases, including degenerative diseases. You need to apply a healthy lifestyle as early as possible to avoid the infection.

Degenerative diseases generally caused by a gradual decrease in performance of body cells which then impacts on organ function in general. Most degenerative diseases arise due to age, not due to viruses or bacteria. Poor lifestyle also increases the risk of this disease.

Lifestyle factors that can increase the risk of degenerative diseases are diverse. Those of you who like to eat unhealthy foods, are lazy to move or exercise, and have habits that interfere with your health, are more at risk of getting degenerative diseases. Patterns that can interfere with health include smoking and consuming excessive alcoholic drinks

Degenerative diseases that often occur

Some degenerative diseases triggered by daily bad habits which then cause interference with specific organs. Some neurodegenerative diseases that often occur, namely:

  •     Type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is generally also influenced by genetic factors, so children of parents with type 2 diabetes need to be examined and maintain their lifestyle, especially diet. Apart from heredity and age, the risk of type 2 diabetes can also increase in people with certain conditions, such as people who are not active, are overweight or are accustomed to eating foods rich in fat and carbohydrates. This pattern of life triggers a disruption in the system of regulating blood sugar levels in the body.

  •     Cardiovascular disease

    The cardiovascular disease generally causes by a buildup of fatty plaque in the blood vessels to the heart called atherosclerosis. This buildup can then inhibit blood flow to tissues and organs. This condition can cause by various bad habits, such as lack of exercise, unhealthy eating patterns, stress, and smoking.

  •     Osteoporosis

    In addition to vitamin D deficiency which causes bone fragility, osteoporosis is more prone to occur in people who experience paralysis or in people who move less actively every day. All day sitting watching TV or sitting working in front of a laptop can accelerate the decline in the quality of bone density. In the long run, smoking and consuming alcoholic drinks also play a role in reducing bone density.

  •     Cancer

    Bad Lifestyle - Mutations generally cause disease in DNA in the body's cells. This gene mutation can be derived from parental DNA or can arise later on. Many things can trigger gene mutations, namely a lousy lifestyle such as smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and consumption of foods that contain carcinogenic substances (chemicals that trigger cancer).

Also, diseases related to changes in brain structure and function, such as Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and Parkinson's, also include degenerative diseases. These conditions can be genetically inherited and can affect a person's memory so that it interferes with daily activities.
How to Apply a Healthy Lifestyle

The risk of degenerative diseases can be prevented from an early age by living a healthy lifestyle. Can start by reducing consumption of processed foods, especially high-fat foods, such as red meat and sausages. Healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits, and low-fat meats recommended because they contain various kinds of nutrients the body needs.

Also, make it a habit of moving actively between daily activities and avoiding sitting too long. For workers who waste time sitting at a computer, use lunch time to socialise to a friend's table or go to lunch outside the office, so that the body remains active. Limiting the use of elevators and switching to stairs is also a wise step to start a healthy life.

For the body to be more active, get used to regular exercise at least 20 minutes every day or an average of 2.5 hours per week. Don't forget to avoid cigarettes and liquor, before getting addicted and it's hard to stop.

Degenerative diseases can minimise by applying a healthy lifestyle as early as possible. It is also recommended to routinely check health or undergo a medical checkup so that the virus can diagnose and treated as soon as possible.
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Selasa, 15 Januari 2019

Cancer Treatment Tips


Cancer Treatment Tips

Cancer Treatment Tips - Stage 3 breast cancer is a condition when the cancer cells in the breast have spread to the lymph nodes that are around the armpit. This condition is hazardous, and usually, lumps that grow in the breast area are more than 5 centimetres (cm) in size.

The stage of breast cancer is done to determine the extent to which cancer develops and spreads. An Overcoming breast cancer, a combination of more than one type of treatment is needed. For example, chemotherapy carried out to reduce a tumour is applied before the surgical procedure performed.

Division of Breast Cancer Stadium

To find out the extent to which cancer cells have spread, the doctor will conduct a series of examinations. There are some procedures that doctors can do, including blood tests, physical exams, breast scans using mammography, ultrasound, CT scans, MRI, or PET scans, to get a more detailed description of breast conditions.

Stage 3 breast cancer subdivided into 3A, 3B, and 3C. Stage 3A categories indicate tumour size of more than 5 cm and have spread to one to three lymph nodes. Then, stage 3B means the spread of cancer cells is more widespread, not only in the surrounding lymph nodes or under the armpit, but also in the skin tissue and chest muscles around the breast.

Stage 3C breast cancer is characterised by tumours that have spread to 10 lymph nodes or more under the armpit and spread to lymph nodes around the neck or inside the breast. When cancer has entered this phase, treatment must give as soon as possible. Aims to prevent the spread of cancer cells that are increasingly widespread.



Choice of Stage 3 Breast Cancer Treatment

Treatment measures for stage 3 breast cancer are not much different from stage 2. Several options for stage 3 cancer treatment include:
  • Chemotherapy

    Cancer Treatment Tips - If a large tumour accompanies the disease, the doctor may recommend chemotherapy. Besides being the primary treatment, chemotherapy can combine before and after surgery. Chemotherapy can be a pill, a liquid that is taken or injected into a blood vessel.
  • Lumpectomy or mastectomy

    There are two possible operations. First, lumpectomy surgery in stage 3 breast cancer to remove tumours and tissues around breast tumours. Secondly, a mastectomy that will lift the entire breast together with the lymph nodes.
  • Radiation therapy

    Radiation therapy is generally recommended by doctors after a stage 3 breast cancer surgery is performed to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Is so that the cancer cells do not return. This procedure may also be needed before breast reconstruction is complete.


  • Hormone therapy

    This therapy uses drugs that contain hormones, aiming to help inhibit the development of tumours and cancer cells by blocking hormone intake into tumours and cancer cells. For women who are menopausal, there is an option to remove the ovary so that it no longer produces hormones that support cancer cells.


  • Additional therapy

    Some types of further treatment can be done to help treat stage 3 breast cancer. Complementary medicine is intended for example cure for acupuncture, yoga, or massage. However, this therapy must be carried out while taking into account the medical standards given by the doctor.

Medical treatment is not necessarily the same for each patient. Because the doctor will provide treatment by the conditions of each patient, the procedure will then adjust to how well the body responds. Treatment as soon as possible is necessary to deal with while preventing further spread of cancer cells.
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Senin, 14 Januari 2019

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young

 

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young - It is bleeding while pregnant is undoubtedly shocking. However, pregnant women (pregnant women) do not need to worry too much. According to research, about 20% of mothers experience bleeding early in pregnancy. However, it is essential to understand the difference between normal bleeding and those that need immediate medical attention.

Bleeding during the first three months of gestation (adolescent pregnancy) must be examined more closely. Two possibilities occur, first in the form of spots or drops of blood that appear on the underwear. Second, bleeding with more flow and requires sanitary napkins so as not to wet the underwear.


Causes and Actions That Can Be Done

A common cause of bleeding during pregnancy is the process of attaching a fertilised egg to the uterine wall, known as implantation bleeding. Appears as blood spots or mild bleeding for several hours or days, but not as long and as much as menstruation. Other causes are irritation due to friction during intercourse, infection, or hormonal changes.

They are bleeding while pregnant can also cause by other riskier factors, such as miscarriage, wine pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy. To find out the cause of bleeding, it is likely that the doctor will perform an ultrasound examination of the abdomen (abdomen) or transvaginal.

If pregnant women experience bleeding while pregnant, the initial treatment that can do is to rest with bedrest immediately. The next step that can do, namely:

  • Lie down and minimise time standing and walking. If necessary, ask permission not to enter work.
  • Avoid having sex during bleeding and never use a vaginal cleanser.
  • Use sanitary napkins to more easily calculate how much bleeding occurs. Avoid using tampons.
  • Pay attention to the colour of the line coming out, for example, pink, brownish red, bright red, and so on.
  • Beware of bleeding if it comes out more profusely like menstruation, fresh red, or accompanied by abdominal cramps. Also, it is also necessary to observe the bleeding that occurs continuously during adolescent pregnancy.

Beware of Emergency Conditions

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young - In addition to getting to know the initial treatment, pregnant women also have to recognise emergency conditions that must immediately get medical help. The most worrying situation is if there is heavy bleeding or bleeding accompanied by unbearable pain or cramps in the lower abdomen.

Also, bleeding accompanied by the release of tissue from the vagina must also be watched out. Any fabric that comes out during bleeding should not be discarded, possibly needed during a doctor's examination.

Pregnancy is recommended to immediately see a doctor or directly to the ER if bleeding is accompanied by dizziness to fainting, also if bleeding accompanied by cold, or vice versa, fever with temperatures exceeding 38 degrees Celsius.

Although generally healthy, bleeding during adolescent pregnancy must be addressed appropriately, to avoid things that are harmful to the mother and fetus. Do not delay consulting a doctor or asking for help to the nearest hospital if you have an emergency.
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