Sabtu, 19 Januari 2019

Benefits of Cassava Leaves and Processed Recipes



Benefits of Cassava Leaves and Processed Recipes

Benefits of Cassava - Cassava leaves are not only enjoyed in processed vegetables, but also contain higher protein than other plants. Let's get acquainted with the benefits of cassava leaves and the ingredients in them.

You might not imagine it before that cassava leaves contain high protein, including when compared to spinach. Apart from containing protein, cassava leaves include high-fibre foods.

Benefits of Cassava Leaves

Protein in cassava leaves is needed by the body to replace lost protein through hair, skin, and body tissues. While fibre requires to absorb water and facilitate digestion. Below are some of the benefits of cassava leaves based on the protein and fibre content in them:
  • Rich in protein

    The protein content of cassava leaves is believed to be able to help the production of hormones and enzymes needed by the body and to repair and shape body tissues. Eating foods that contain protein can make someone feel full longer. Therefore, cassava leaves are also suitable for those of you who want to lose weight.


  •  Fibre height

    Cassava leaves can be one of your daily menu choices that are losing weight, because of the fibre content they have. Cassava leaves have high fibre content and are expected to provide several benefits, such as losing weight and maintaining digestive health.

Recipes from Cassava Leaves

Benefits of Cassava - To experience the benefits of cassava leaves, you can process them according to taste. One menu that might be your choice is sauteed cassava leaves. To make it, you can listen to the recipe below.

Ingredients:

  • Two garlic cloves, chopped
  • Three cloves of shallots, chopped
  • Ginger to taste
  • Four red chillies, cut to liking Salt and sugar, to taste
  • ½ kg of cassava leaves that have been boiled first then cut into pieces
  • Dry tamban fish or change to taste


How to cook:

  • Saute onion, garlic, ginger and chilli.
  • If it's fragrant, add a little water.
  • Enter the cassava leaves and add more water.
  • Then add the tamban fish or additional ingredients you want.
  • Then add salt and sugar to your taste.
  • When it cooked, the water is sufficiently reduced, remove and serve.
The benefits of cassava leaves for the body are quite a lot, but you are not advised to consume them raw. Because cassava leaves and roots contain cyanide which is harmful to the body, if you feel symptoms of allergies or poisoning after eating cassava leaves, contact your doctor immediately.
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Jumat, 18 Januari 2019

Instant Noodles or Rice, Which One Makes you Fat Faster?


Instant noodles or rice, which one makes you fat faster?

Instant noodles or rice - Instant noodles are often a substitute for rice which is considered not too filling, so it will not make fat. Though that thought is not necessarily real, come find out, which type of food is more friendly to maintain weight, instant noodles or rice?

To answer this, let's compare the calories found in instant noodles and rice with the same weight. I am serving 35-40 grams of instant noodles or one package, containing 190 to 200 calories. Meanwhile, white rice with the same weight only contains 46 calories.

Instant Noodles VS Rice

From the comparison above, the calorie content of instant noodles is almost five times more than rice. That is, instant noodles have a higher risk of causing the body to get fat faster than rice. Not to mention, usually instant noodles served with eggs, sausages, corned beef or cheese, which certainly adds to the calorie content.

Then, there are more typical habits of the people in Indonesia, which mix instant noodles with rice, so that the calories consumed multiplied. In fact, in one day consisting of three meals, the caloric needs of adult women are only around 1,800-2,000, and adult men are around 2,200-2,400.
Not Good to Consume Excessively

In addition to high carbohydrate and fat content, instant noodles served with instant broth generally have high sodium or salt content. Excess sodium intake can harm the body, such as aggravating kidney work, high blood pressure, stroke, and heart problems.

Not only instant noodles but consuming white rice excessive can also trigger some diseases. According to research, Asian people who drink rice every day are more at risk of developing diabetes compared to Europeans who only consume rice less than five times per week.
Instant noodles or rice - They are now known as the dinner plate guide to fulfilling balanced nutrition, which is easy to practice every day. Rice or other types of carbohydrates are only allowed to fill the makan dinner plate, ¼ again filled with protein. The remaining half of the dish Filled with vegetables and fruit.

Rice is indeed difficult to separate from the people in Indonesia. Particularly for those of you who are at risk of developing diabetes, doctors recommend food products from whole grains instead of white rice.

Now, after reading the calorie content of each choice, now you know what to choose when feeling hungry?
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Kamis, 17 Januari 2019

Various Benefits of Telon Oil for Babies

 

Various Benefits of Telon Oil for Babies

Benefits of Telon Oil - Not only warms up, but Talon oil also has many benefits. The makes many parents apply talon oil to the baby's skin, especially after the baby baths.

In ten oil, there are three types of natural oils, namely eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, and coconut oil. Each natural oil content in ten oil has different benefits.

Benefits of Telon Oil

Here are some of the benefits often oil based on its content:

  •     Eucalyptus oil

    The material of eucalyptus oil contained in ten oil creates a warm sensation when applied to the skin. This content not only warms up but can also relieve itching due to mite bites.

  •     Fennel oil

    Fennel oil contained in ten oil can relieve stomach pain and runny nose. Also, in fennel oil is also held antimicrobial compounds which are believed to be able to prevent disease and inhibit the growth of certain fungi that may cause skin diseases.

  •     Coconut oil

    The content of coconut oil contained in talon oil is useful to moisturise the skin, including baby's skin. This content can hydrate the skin well and is proven to be able to overcome the symptoms of eczema characterised by rashes and itching. Coconut oil, which has antimicrobial properties, is also able to protect the skin from microorganisms that might cause skin infections.

How to use Telon Oil

Benefits of Telon Oil - Before applying talon oil to the skin, first read the packaging label. Usually, the packaging label shows the contents, procedures for use, and also the expiration date. Reading packaging labels is very important to know the safety of use, especially if used in infants.

Using melon oil that has expired can increase the risk of an allergic reaction. Also, the effectiveness and benefits of talon oil that has expired may have decreased.

Well, after carefully reading the packaging label, try applying a little talon oil to the skin. In infants, you can use a little talon oil to the legs and arms to see the possibility of an allergic reaction. If within 24 hours after ten oil is applied, the baby's skin looks reddish or inflamed, stop using it. Is probably due to the baby being allergic to the content contained in the melon oil.

Telon oil is believed to bring a variety of benefits. However, until now, no scientific evidence ensures the function and dosage of the use of Teflon oil, including in infants. Parents are advised not to apply too much melon oil to the baby's skin and consult a doctor about the safety of its use.
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Rabu, 16 Januari 2019

The Influence Of Bad Lifestyle

 

The Influence Of Bad Lifestyle


Bad Lifestyle - An unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of various types of diseases, including degenerative diseases. You need to apply a healthy lifestyle as early as possible to avoid the infection.

Degenerative diseases generally caused by a gradual decrease in performance of body cells which then impacts on organ function in general. Most degenerative diseases arise due to age, not due to viruses or bacteria. Poor lifestyle also increases the risk of this disease.

Lifestyle factors that can increase the risk of degenerative diseases are diverse. Those of you who like to eat unhealthy foods, are lazy to move or exercise, and have habits that interfere with your health, are more at risk of getting degenerative diseases. Patterns that can interfere with health include smoking and consuming excessive alcoholic drinks

Degenerative diseases that often occur

Some degenerative diseases triggered by daily bad habits which then cause interference with specific organs. Some neurodegenerative diseases that often occur, namely:

  •     Type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is generally also influenced by genetic factors, so children of parents with type 2 diabetes need to be examined and maintain their lifestyle, especially diet. Apart from heredity and age, the risk of type 2 diabetes can also increase in people with certain conditions, such as people who are not active, are overweight or are accustomed to eating foods rich in fat and carbohydrates. This pattern of life triggers a disruption in the system of regulating blood sugar levels in the body.

  •     Cardiovascular disease

    The cardiovascular disease generally causes by a buildup of fatty plaque in the blood vessels to the heart called atherosclerosis. This buildup can then inhibit blood flow to tissues and organs. This condition can cause by various bad habits, such as lack of exercise, unhealthy eating patterns, stress, and smoking.

  •     Osteoporosis

    In addition to vitamin D deficiency which causes bone fragility, osteoporosis is more prone to occur in people who experience paralysis or in people who move less actively every day. All day sitting watching TV or sitting working in front of a laptop can accelerate the decline in the quality of bone density. In the long run, smoking and consuming alcoholic drinks also play a role in reducing bone density.

  •     Cancer

    Bad Lifestyle - Mutations generally cause disease in DNA in the body's cells. This gene mutation can be derived from parental DNA or can arise later on. Many things can trigger gene mutations, namely a lousy lifestyle such as smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and consumption of foods that contain carcinogenic substances (chemicals that trigger cancer).

Also, diseases related to changes in brain structure and function, such as Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and Parkinson's, also include degenerative diseases. These conditions can be genetically inherited and can affect a person's memory so that it interferes with daily activities.
How to Apply a Healthy Lifestyle

The risk of degenerative diseases can be prevented from an early age by living a healthy lifestyle. Can start by reducing consumption of processed foods, especially high-fat foods, such as red meat and sausages. Healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits, and low-fat meats recommended because they contain various kinds of nutrients the body needs.

Also, make it a habit of moving actively between daily activities and avoiding sitting too long. For workers who waste time sitting at a computer, use lunch time to socialise to a friend's table or go to lunch outside the office, so that the body remains active. Limiting the use of elevators and switching to stairs is also a wise step to start a healthy life.

For the body to be more active, get used to regular exercise at least 20 minutes every day or an average of 2.5 hours per week. Don't forget to avoid cigarettes and liquor, before getting addicted and it's hard to stop.

Degenerative diseases can minimise by applying a healthy lifestyle as early as possible. It is also recommended to routinely check health or undergo a medical checkup so that the virus can diagnose and treated as soon as possible.
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Selasa, 15 Januari 2019

Cancer Treatment Tips


Cancer Treatment Tips

Cancer Treatment Tips - Stage 3 breast cancer is a condition when the cancer cells in the breast have spread to the lymph nodes that are around the armpit. This condition is hazardous, and usually, lumps that grow in the breast area are more than 5 centimetres (cm) in size.

The stage of breast cancer is done to determine the extent to which cancer develops and spreads. An Overcoming breast cancer, a combination of more than one type of treatment is needed. For example, chemotherapy carried out to reduce a tumour is applied before the surgical procedure performed.

Division of Breast Cancer Stadium

To find out the extent to which cancer cells have spread, the doctor will conduct a series of examinations. There are some procedures that doctors can do, including blood tests, physical exams, breast scans using mammography, ultrasound, CT scans, MRI, or PET scans, to get a more detailed description of breast conditions.

Stage 3 breast cancer subdivided into 3A, 3B, and 3C. Stage 3A categories indicate tumour size of more than 5 cm and have spread to one to three lymph nodes. Then, stage 3B means the spread of cancer cells is more widespread, not only in the surrounding lymph nodes or under the armpit, but also in the skin tissue and chest muscles around the breast.

Stage 3C breast cancer is characterised by tumours that have spread to 10 lymph nodes or more under the armpit and spread to lymph nodes around the neck or inside the breast. When cancer has entered this phase, treatment must give as soon as possible. Aims to prevent the spread of cancer cells that are increasingly widespread.



Choice of Stage 3 Breast Cancer Treatment

Treatment measures for stage 3 breast cancer are not much different from stage 2. Several options for stage 3 cancer treatment include:
  • Chemotherapy

    Cancer Treatment Tips - If a large tumour accompanies the disease, the doctor may recommend chemotherapy. Besides being the primary treatment, chemotherapy can combine before and after surgery. Chemotherapy can be a pill, a liquid that is taken or injected into a blood vessel.
  • Lumpectomy or mastectomy

    There are two possible operations. First, lumpectomy surgery in stage 3 breast cancer to remove tumours and tissues around breast tumours. Secondly, a mastectomy that will lift the entire breast together with the lymph nodes.
  • Radiation therapy

    Radiation therapy is generally recommended by doctors after a stage 3 breast cancer surgery is performed to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Is so that the cancer cells do not return. This procedure may also be needed before breast reconstruction is complete.


  • Hormone therapy

    This therapy uses drugs that contain hormones, aiming to help inhibit the development of tumours and cancer cells by blocking hormone intake into tumours and cancer cells. For women who are menopausal, there is an option to remove the ovary so that it no longer produces hormones that support cancer cells.


  • Additional therapy

    Some types of further treatment can be done to help treat stage 3 breast cancer. Complementary medicine is intended for example cure for acupuncture, yoga, or massage. However, this therapy must be carried out while taking into account the medical standards given by the doctor.

Medical treatment is not necessarily the same for each patient. Because the doctor will provide treatment by the conditions of each patient, the procedure will then adjust to how well the body responds. Treatment as soon as possible is necessary to deal with while preventing further spread of cancer cells.
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Senin, 14 Januari 2019

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young

 

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young - It is bleeding while pregnant is undoubtedly shocking. However, pregnant women (pregnant women) do not need to worry too much. According to research, about 20% of mothers experience bleeding early in pregnancy. However, it is essential to understand the difference between normal bleeding and those that need immediate medical attention.

Bleeding during the first three months of gestation (adolescent pregnancy) must be examined more closely. Two possibilities occur, first in the form of spots or drops of blood that appear on the underwear. Second, bleeding with more flow and requires sanitary napkins so as not to wet the underwear.


Causes and Actions That Can Be Done

A common cause of bleeding during pregnancy is the process of attaching a fertilised egg to the uterine wall, known as implantation bleeding. Appears as blood spots or mild bleeding for several hours or days, but not as long and as much as menstruation. Other causes are irritation due to friction during intercourse, infection, or hormonal changes.

They are bleeding while pregnant can also cause by other riskier factors, such as miscarriage, wine pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy. To find out the cause of bleeding, it is likely that the doctor will perform an ultrasound examination of the abdomen (abdomen) or transvaginal.

If pregnant women experience bleeding while pregnant, the initial treatment that can do is to rest with bedrest immediately. The next step that can do, namely:

  • Lie down and minimise time standing and walking. If necessary, ask permission not to enter work.
  • Avoid having sex during bleeding and never use a vaginal cleanser.
  • Use sanitary napkins to more easily calculate how much bleeding occurs. Avoid using tampons.
  • Pay attention to the colour of the line coming out, for example, pink, brownish red, bright red, and so on.
  • Beware of bleeding if it comes out more profusely like menstruation, fresh red, or accompanied by abdominal cramps. Also, it is also necessary to observe the bleeding that occurs continuously during adolescent pregnancy.

Beware of Emergency Conditions

Out For Blood When Pregnant Young - In addition to getting to know the initial treatment, pregnant women also have to recognise emergency conditions that must immediately get medical help. The most worrying situation is if there is heavy bleeding or bleeding accompanied by unbearable pain or cramps in the lower abdomen.

Also, bleeding accompanied by the release of tissue from the vagina must also be watched out. Any fabric that comes out during bleeding should not be discarded, possibly needed during a doctor's examination.

Pregnancy is recommended to immediately see a doctor or directly to the ER if bleeding is accompanied by dizziness to fainting, also if bleeding accompanied by cold, or vice versa, fever with temperatures exceeding 38 degrees Celsius.

Although generally healthy, bleeding during adolescent pregnancy must be addressed appropriately, to avoid things that are harmful to the mother and fetus. Do not delay consulting a doctor or asking for help to the nearest hospital if you have an emergency.
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Minggu, 13 Januari 2019

Don't Panic When The Bore Was Not According To Plan

 

Don't Panic When The Bore Was Not According To Plan


Don't Panic When The Bore Was Not According To Plan - Experiencing an unexpected or unplanned pregnancy is indeed not easy. However, you can still choose to welcome the Little One's presence happily and make a new life plan.

Don't worry; you are not alone. Many couples have offspring, even if they don't plan a pregnancy. Before menopause, you can still get pregnant even after using contraception. Contraception does have a sufficient level of 80-90% preventing pregnancy. However, if it's not handled correctly, for example, because you forget to take birth control pills, of course, the chances of getting pregnant will be higher.

Steps You Need to Do

An unplanned pregnancy can occur at any time. It can be when you start going back to work from maternity leave, when your two children are teenagers, or even when you are having sexual intercourse for the first time.

Even though your pregnancy comes suddenly, actually you still have time to prepare yourself. The most important thing is to prepare mentally and arrange a new plan according to the schedule of the Little One's presence. The guide below might help:

  • Be honest about what you feel

Maybe before you have planned many things in life, however, this unexpected pregnancy will change everything. It's okay to feel angry, frustrated, surprised, or upset for some time. You might be able to write it for yourself or tell someone who can be trusted. Accepting this fact and all the feelings that might arise will make it easier for you to determine the next step.

  • Believe in yourself

Women who have planned a pregnancy since long ago can still feel fear, especially those who experience pregnancy without a plan. Even so, it's important to keep believing in yourself and not need to force everything to be perfect.

  • Don't think too many about other people's feelings

No want to bother thinking about how other people's reactions or opinions about your pregnancy are out of the plan. The most important thing is to think about how you and your baby can live well. Surely many friends or relatives will not judge and always support you.

  • Imagine a new life with the Little One.

Imagine you are living a new life with the child you are pregnant with, whether he is the third child or first child. Everything will not be as scary as you imagine if you think positive things.

  • Ask for help if you feel the need.

Don't stop to ask for help, mainly if you are going to be a single parent. The sooner you tell your pregnancy to people around you, such as family and co-workers, they will adjust more quickly. Also, there is no need to hesitate to ask for help from a doctor or psychologist, so you are calmer during pregnancy and after childbirth later.

  • Learn how to take care of children at a close age

Don't Panic When The Bore Was Not According To Plan - You just gave birth and breastfeed the first child, but it turns out that you are pregnant again out of the plan? You are not alone. Many mothers experience it and can adapt well. You might be able to ask for tips from them about taking care of two young children at the same time.

  • Manage finance

An off-plan pregnancy will change your financial plan. Come on, start trimming unnecessary expenses and calculate the costs needed for childbirth and after your child is born.

Whether planned or not, each pregnancy will bring various changes. However, remember, the Little One will need a healthy and happy mother. So, don't forget to maintain your health, both physically and mentally. Focusing on positive things can help you through unpleasant times. Congratulations on preparing your Little One's presence!
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Sabtu, 12 Januari 2019

What Is Urine?


What Is Urine?

What Is Urine - Urine culture is a method of examination to detect the presence of bacteria in the urine, as a sign of a urinary tract infection. In addition to identifying the presence of bacteria, urine culture can also be used to determine the type of bacteria that cause disease.

Bacteria can enter the urinary tract into the urethra, both men and women. The bacteria that enter the urinary tract can grow and develop rapidly. Urinary tract diseases that not treated properly can be dangerous and cause complications, ranging from the spread of contagion to other parts of the body, to permanent kidney failure.


Indications for Urine Culture

A person can be recommended to undergo a urine culture check if he has a complaint of urinary tract infection. These complaints are:

  • Pain and burning sensation when urinating
  • Low back pain
  • Urine is cloudy and pungent
  • Frequently want to pee and cannot be detained
  • It feels that there is pressure on the lower part of the stomach
  • There is blood in the urine.
If the urinary tract infection that occurs is severe enough or has spread to the kidneys, the following symptoms can appear:
  • High fever
  • Shivering
  • Trembling
  • Nausea or vomiting.
In addition to sufferers of urinary tract infections, urine culture is also recommended to be carried out by pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy or on the first (prenatal) pregnancy visit. The aim is to detect the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract which can affect the health and development of the fetus.

Not all sufferers of urinary tract infections need to undergo urine culture checks but are immediately given medication only by looking at the symptoms and results of urine tests. Is often done in young women who have lower urinary tract infections but do not cause any complications.


Preparation of Urine Culture

Before urine culture does, the patient needs to tell the doctor about the medicines being consumed, including vitamins and supplements. The drug content and vitamins in urine can affect the results, making it inaccurate. Approaching, the time for sampling, it is recommended to hold urination until the time of sampling. 

Procedure for Taking Urine Culture Samples

The procedure for taking urine samples is quite simple. The patient is first required to wash his hands and clean his genitals, to avoid bacterial contamination from the outside. The male patient needs to clean the head of his penis, while the female patient must clean her vagina from front to back.

At the time of urination, patients do not directly hold urine in the container, but first, throw about half the urine that comes out first. After that, the patient can keep the remaining urine in the body in the sample container until it reaches the required amount. Then clean the genitals after completing the sampling, then wash your hands.

Taking urine samples can also be done through a catheter, which is a thin tube that inserted through the patient's urethra. The medical officer will take fresh urine from the patient and not take it from the urine shelter. In some instances, urine can be made through an excellent needle aspiration method. Needle aspiration through the needle does if the patient cannot excrete urine through the catheter or if the sample obtained from the previous sampling method is always contaminated.

Urine that has collected is then sent to the laboratory to be tested for the presence of bacteria causing the infection.


Procedure and Interpretation of Urine Culture Test Results

What Is Urine - Urine samples from patients will take to the laboratory for analysis. Urine samples will be cultured in a particular medium in the form of agar, then stored in a specific room of storage that has temperatures such as body temperature. If there are bacteria in the urine, it will grow in a few days. Keep in mind that on the surface of the penis and vagina, there are normal microorganisms that may carry in the sample.

From the results of the number of bacterial colonies that grow, as well as the symptoms that developed, the doctor will assess whether the patient has a urinary tract infection, and whether or not it is needed treatment. If you feel the results are doubtful, your doctor can recommend repeating the urine culture examination.

Various types of bacteria can cause urinary tract infections. However, the kind of bacteria that most often causes this infection is Escherichia coli, which usually found in the digestive tract. Other bacteria that can cause urinary tract infections are:

  • Proteus sp
  • Enterococcus sp
  • Klebsiella sp
  • Staphylococcus sp
  • Candida sp.
If you know the type of bacteria that grows, a resistance or vulnerability test will be carried out through the same sample.
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Jumat, 11 Januari 2019

An explanation of the psychiatrist or Mental medicine specialists

 

An explanation of the psychiatrist or Mental medicine specialists

An explanation - A psychiatrist is a specialist who studies mental health and behaviour (psychiatry). Psychiatry itself is a branch of medical science that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of emotional, psychological, and behavioural disorders. Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat mental disorders in patients.

To become a psychiatrist, a person must complete education as a general practitioner, then continue specialisation in the field of psychiatry for approximately four years. Graduates of psychiatric or psychiatric specialists will then get the degree of Sp.KJ and can be called a psychiatrist.

Diseases Treated by Psychiatrists

Psychiatrists have in-depth knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, and treatment and treatment of various kinds of diseases or problems related to psychiatric disorders. Below are diseases or conditions handled by psychiatrists:
  • Organic mental disorders.
  • Mental and behavioural disturbances
  • Sleep disorders, such as insomnia, hypersomnia, sleep cycle disorders, nightmares, and sleepwalking.
  • Sexual problems, such as parafilia, disorders of desire and sexual arousal, vaginismus, dyspareunia, orgasmic disorders, and sexual dysfunction.
  • Eating disorders
  • Emotional and behavioural disorders in children or adolescents, for example, developmental disorders, intellectual disability, behavioural disorders, hyperactivity, and autism.
  • Personality disorder.
  • The presence of anxiety
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
  • Psychosis-like schizophrenia.
  • Mood disorders such as bipolar disorder, depression.

When to go to a psychiatrist?

An explanation - It recommended that you see a psychiatrist when you experience physical, psychological or illness problems caused by mental issues. The following complaints or symptoms can use as a reason why you should go to a psychiatrist to get a solution:
  • Often feeling anxious and panic.
  • trouble sleeping
  • Can't keep quiet.
  • Changes in appetite both lacking and excessive.
  • Sad or empty for no reason.
  • Rapid mood swings unknown causes.
  • Difficult to undergo daily activities because they have no motivation.
  • Feel helpless.
  • A desire or attempted suicide appears.
  • The existence of hallucinations, for example, hearing voices that don't exist.
  • Have or have been abusing drugs or taking drugs.
  • Have a strange and illogical mindset.

Actions Performed by Psychiatrists

Psychiatrists can evaluate psychological and medical data through a psychiatric medical examination to determine the diagnosis and work with patients to make treatment plans. As a doctor, psychiatrists can also find out the symptoms experienced by patients, as well as perform psychological tests (psychological tests) and supporting tests such as blood tests, urine, CT scans, MRI, and EEG if needed.

The results of the discussion, question and answer session and various psychological and laboratory tests will be analysed by the psychiatrist to describe the patient's physical and mental condition. The following are actions that psychiatrists can take to treat patients:

  • Psychotherapy and counselling

    Psychotherapy and counselling is a speech therapy performed by psychiatrists to overcome various kinds of mental and emotional disorders suffered by patients. Psychotherapy and counselling aim to help patients overcome or control severe symptoms. How often the speech therapy session adjusted to the problem experienced by the patient. Psychotherapy can be done individually, in pairs, with family, or done in groups.

  • Prescribe medicines

    Psychiatrists can prescribe drugs to help treat mental disorders experienced. Medications commonly prescribed by psychiatrists are sedative and anxiolytic drugs (for handling anxiety disorders and insomnia), antipsychotic drugs (for the treatment of hallucinatory disorders and schizophrenia), antidepressant drugs (for treating depression, OCD, eating disorders, anxiety disorders), stimulants (for ADHD treatment), and mood stabilizing drugs (for the treatment of bipolar disorder).

  • Hypnotherapy

    Hypnotherapy is one of the actions that can be done by a psychiatrist to stimulate patients to sleep or maintain sleep. In psychiatry, hypnotherapy along with other therapeutic methods is applied to help deal with phobias, anxiety disorders, help change bad behaviour, and relieve pain.
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Kamis, 10 Januari 2019

Important Information About Giving Milk to a Baby


Important Information About Giving Milk to a Baby

Giving Milk to a Baby - Providing complementary food ASI (formula) or formula milk is one of the crucial periods in the first 1000 days of a child's life. Research shows that during this transition period, many babies experience failure to thrive due to poor quality MPASI. This period is also a critical moment for the Little One to learn to eat. Moreover, the provision of appropriate MPASI can support the optimal growth and development of the Little One.

Therefore, the proper method of providing MPASI and other questions about MPASI will be discussed thoroughly in the following article.

Basic Principles of Giving MPASI

MPASI recommend to given following the following four principles:

  • On time

MPASI is given at the right age, i.e. when breast milk alone does not meet the nutritional needs of the baby. IDAI and WHO recommend the provision of complementary feeding no later than six months of age. However, in certain conditions, such as an increase in body weight (BB) that is not good, the Little One can begin to be given MPASI after being evaluated for the cause, and after the food, readiness assessed by the doctor.

Signs of readiness to start MPASI that must assess with the doctor, namely:

  • The little one shows interest in food.
  • Upright neck and the little one can lift their head without help.
  • 'Melting' reflex (removing food from the mouth) decreases.
ESPGHAN (Association of Pediatricians for Nutrition and Digestion in Europe) recommends the provision of complementary feeding at the earliest at 12 weeks, and not later than 26 weeks (6 months). Provision of additional food is too early at risk of causing gastrointestinal infections, allergies, and obesity. Whereas if it is too slow, it will create a lack of nutritional intake. Therefore, consult your paediatrician to assess whether your child can start breastfeeding complementary foods.

  • Enough (adequate)

The MPASI menu provided is suggested to contain nutritional needs that cannot be fulfilled by breast milk, especially the amount of energy, protein, iron, and zinc. No one type of food can achieve everything. Therefore, give solids that are varied and sufficient sources of carbohydrates, animal and vegetable proteins, fats, and micronutrients, namely vitamins and minerals. A menu like this is known as a 4-star menu. 

Introduce small quantities of fruits and vegetables by observing the intake and composition of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in MPASI. Give food from food that is usually used by families. Moreover, the iron and DHA content of mackerel is higher than the salmon which is quite a favourite to become the MPASI menu.

Giving Milk to a Baby - MPASI give with the amount and texture improved according to the stages. Delay in the introduction of composition at the age of 6-9 months is at risk of causing problems with eating in children later on. Use a 250 ml bowl to ensure the intake of the little one. Following are guidelines for providing MPASI:

  • Age of Texture Frequency MPASI
  • Six months 2-3 tablespoons 2-3 times a day Thick porridge (puree), strain, until pulverised.
  • Eight months (6-9 months) Increase gradually to ½ bowl 250 ml (200 kcal/day or 30% of the target calorie needs) 2-3 times a day + snacks 1-2 times a day Coarse filter food, can start finger food.
  • 9-12 months ½- ¾ bowl 250 ml (300 kcal/day or 50% of the target caloric needs) 3-4 times a day + snack 1-2 times a day Team rice, finely chopped or rough food.
  • 12-23 months ¾ bowl 250 ml (550 kcal/day or 70% of the target calorie needs) 3-4 times a day + snack 1-2 times a day Same with food eaten by the family.
  • Safe and hygienic (safe)

Pay attention to hand hygiene, materials, and equipment during the process of preparing, manufacturing, storing and serving MPASI. Separate cutting boards to cut raw food ingredients and cooked food ingredients. Wash hands before preparing solids, and before feeding the little one.

Contaminating bacteria can grow in food, store solids in the refrigerator with temperatures less than 5 degrees Celsius (bottom freezer). Store meat and fish in plastic, and put them apart from cooked food. Food stored in room temperature (5-60 degrees Celsius), can only last for 2 hours.

Ripe solids can store in the refrigerator (with temperatures less than 5 degrees Celsius), for feeding for a day after being stored in a closed container. Storage duration depends on the type of food used. Frozen storage can be heated by soaking water with a plastic food wrap, and make sure to replace the water every 30 minutes. MPASI can also be warmed using a microwave, but it should note that the heat produced is not evenly distributed. Keep in mind, frozen foods that have Cooke are not suitable for freezing again.
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Rabu, 09 Januari 2019

Don't Miss the Benefits of Yogurt for Pregnant Women

 

Don't Miss the Benefits of Yogurt for Pregnant Women

Benefits of Yogurt - A typical taste of yoghurt that is slightly sour and refreshing can be a snack choice for pregnant women (pregnant women). However, did pregnant women know, besides being delicious for consumption, yoghurt also has benefits for health?

Yoghurt is a processed product of milk made through bacterial fermentation. This fermentation process causes yoghurt to have a unique taste and texture. The content of yoghurt is considered to have many health benefits, including maintaining the health of the digestive tract.

Recognising the Benefits of Yogurt

Yoghurt contains various nutrients that are beneficial when consumed during pregnancy:

  • Meet calcium needs

    Yoghurt contains many nutrients, such as vitamin B2 and B12, calcium, potassium and magnesium. Regularly drinking yoghurt is beneficial for mothers because of the high calcium content. Also, yoghurt is also helpful for the formation of baby teeth and bones. Low-fat yoghurt can be a choice for pregnant women because it contains calcium higher than milk.

  • Reducing the risk of complications

    Yoghurt is also believed to be beneficial in reducing the risk of pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, vaginal infections, and allergies.

  • Reducing the risk of constipation

    The content of probiotics in yoghurt can help maintain gastrointestinal health. Therefore, regular consumption of yoghurt during pregnancy can prevent diarrhoea and reduce the risk of illness during pregnancy.

  • Stabilise body weight

    Generally, during pregnancy, the mother's influence will increase by 11-16 kg. Less weight during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature babies. One way that can be done to gain weight pregnant women is to consume yoghurt as a snack routinely. Pregnant women can drink low-fat yoghurt with extra fruit.

Tips for Choosing Yogurt

Benefits of Yogurt - Although yoghurt tends to be safe for consumption while pregnant, some things need to consider in choosing yoghurt so that the benefits can felt to the maximum.

First, make sure the yoghurt you consume made from pasteurised milk (rice milk). Pregnant women are advised to drink low-fat yoghurt and do not contain flavour enhancers (plain). Flavourless yoghurt generally contains higher protein.

Another thing to consider is avoiding yoghurt that contains sweeteners and has a thicker texture. Yoghurt that contains sweeteners and has a thicker texture contains fewer nutrients. Instead, pregnant women can consume yoghurt with pieces of fruit to make it more fresh for daily consumption.

Eat enough yoghurt during pregnancy. The recommended portion is no more than 3-4 cups per day, as an alternative to calcium intake other than milk.

Yoghurt can be beneficial when consumed during pregnancy. However, it is advisable to consult an obstetrician if pregnant women have a history of allergies or other health conditions before drinking yoghurt.
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Selasa, 08 Januari 2019

Know What Is Aortic Valve Replacemen

 

Know What Is Aortic Valve Replacement

Aortic Valve Replacemen - Aortic valve replacement or aortic valve replacement is an open heart surgery procedure performed to treat patients with aortic valve disorders. This procedure aims to replace the aortic valve that fails or is damaged. The damaged aortic device replaces with an artificial aortic valve, from synthetic material or animal tissue.

The aorta is the largest arterial line vessel that is directly connected to the heart and is responsible for flowing oxygen-rich blood from the heart throughout the body. Before entering the aorta, blood from the left ventricle of the soul passes through the aortic valve, which is one of the four devices that the centre has. The aortic valve that does not function normally will disrupt blood flow, so the heart will work extra to meet the needs of the blood supply throughout the body.

Indications for Aortic Valve Replacement

The aortic valve replacement procedure is carried out in the following conditions:

  • Aortic valve regurgitation, a situation in which the aortic valve of the heart cannot close tightly. This condition causes a portion of the blood supply already in the aorta to return to the left ventricle of the heart. Symptoms of aortic valve regurgitation can include fatigue and shortness of breath (dyspnea) due to disruption of the blood supply throughout the body.
  •  This condition causes blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta to be blocked, so that blood builds up not only in the left ventricle but also in the heart that drains blood to the left ventricle, namely the atrium. ), shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and fatigue quickly even if only doing light activities.
The shape of the aortic valve can get worse if not treated immediately. The worst result is heart failure.

No medicine can cure aortic valve disease. Therefore, the aortic valve replacement procedure is the main action to defeat.  Warning for Aortic Valve Replacement

Patients with aortic valve disease who also have kidney and lung disease, need to be careful before undergoing aortic valve replacement surgery.
Preparation of Aortic Valve Replacement

Consult your doctor about the procedure to follow, the risks, or complications that can occur. Before surgery, the doctor will do a physical examination, medical history especially whether he has an allergy to anaesthesia (anaesthesia), and do blood tests, electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, and X-ray examination.

Tell the doctor about the medicines consume. The doctor will assess whether or not to stop the drug. Patients need to fast eating and drinking since the night before surgery, and not smoking before the surgical procedure performer.
Aortic Valve Replacement Procedure



Aortic Valve Replacemen - Valve replacement surgery lasts for several hours depending on the patient's condition. The doctor will begin the procedure by administering anaesthesia. The anaesthetic will make the patient unconscious and not feel pain during the operation.

After giving anaesthesia, the heart surgeon will make a long incision of about 25 cm in the middle of the sternum, or you can also make a small incision as access to open the heart area. A hose or catheter will connect between the heart, large base vessels, and a machine that replaces the work of the heart. During surgery, the centre will stop pulsing.

After that, the doctor will give medicines that can stop the heart from working. This condition allows the doctor to perform surgery on the heart.

The doctor will remove the damaged aorta when the valve is open. A new aortic valve replaces the old aortic valve by stitching using fine threads. The pipe used can be:

Artificial mechanical valve

    Valves made from animal tissue (bioprosthesis), such as cattle or pigs or cloth taken from the human heart (homograft).

About 80 per cent of patients uses aortic bioprosthesis valves. This network is believed to be safer and last up to 15-20 years.

After stitching, the function of the heart will return to normal with the help of an electric shock device. The heart bypass is then released. Next, the breastbone will be connected again with wires. Surgical wounds on the chest will close with some stitches.

The method of calling a valve can also do without an incision. This procedure describes transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or also called transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

The doctor will open the heart through the blood vessels in the legs or make a small incision in the chest. The hose connect through
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Senin, 07 Januari 2019

Psychologists In Family Mental


Psychologists In Family Mental

Psychologists - A psychologist is a specialist in psychology who focuses on a person's thoughts and behaviour. Psychologists generally use psychotherapy to help clients or patients to overcome problems that affect their mental state and health.

In resolving psychological problems or improving patient behaviour, psychologists can work together with psychiatrists and doctors who handle patients. Collaboration carried out if the patient requires treatment as well as psychotherapy and counselling from a psychologist.

Types of Psychologists

General psychologists can explore different fields of psychology after graduating from a psychology undergraduate education program (S1 or S.Psi). Many areas of psychology can be studied more deeply, including industrial and organisational psychology, child and adult clinical psychology, and educational psychology. After completing further education, psychologists will have a Masters in Psychology (M.Psi).

The following are the types of psychologists:

  • Industrial psychologists and organisations

    Industrial and organisational psychologists (PIOs) study behaviour in the workplace and help filter out the best employees for certain positions, and increase employee productivity in a company or organisation. Also, PIO also has the task of creating training programs for company employees to improve knowledge and skills, maximise efficiency, and reduce corporate losses.

  • Educational psychologist

    Educational psychologists learn how someone learns. Educational psychologists can participate in making instructions and strategies for teaching. Most educational psychologists also learn about talent and the problem of one's learning abilities, and how social, cognitive, and emotional factors influence a person's learning abilities.
  • Clinical psychologist

    Clinical psychologists examine, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from mental health problems and psychological stress, using psychotherapy and counselling. Usually, clinical psychologists work in hospitals, mental health clinics, or self-practice. Clinical psychologists can have specific expertise in adult or child mental health, or have a specialisation in the field of medicine for drug abuse.

  • Social psychologist

    Social psychologists study and examine the behaviour and mindset of a group in society. Social psychologists can also investigate how attitudes, judgments, ways of communication, interpersonal relationships, and aggressive behaviour can arise in a community group.

Conditions or Problems Treated by Psychologists

Psychologists - Psychologists have in-depth knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, and handling related mental health problems. Also, psychologists can also find out, analyse causes, and provide solutions to psychological problems experienced by a person through changes in attitude or lifestyle. Some types of services and mental disorders that can be handled by psychologists include:
  • Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD, phobias, panic attacks, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Mood swings or mood disorders
  • Addiction or addiction, such as drugs, alcohol, or gambling.
  • Eating disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • Schizophrenia or other psychiatric disorders that show hallucinatory psychotic disorders in sufferers.
  • Excessive Phobias fear of specific objects or situations.
  • Of patients with their spouse, family, friends and other people.
  • Psychological disorders which relate to traumatic events

Actions Psychologically Performed

The following are things that psychologists can do:

  • Conduct psychological interviews and psychological tests

    Psychologists will examine and assess a person's intellectual abilities and mental health through psychological interviews and psychological tests. From these examinations, psychologists can evaluate intellectual level, cognitive strengths and weaknesses, talents and work preferences, character, personality, and mental functions of patients.

  • Psychotherapy or counselling

    Generally, after making a diagnosis, a psychologist will deal with someone who has a mental disorder, trauma, or phobia, using speech therapy or psychotherapy. Types of psychotherapy are cognitive, behavioural, cognitive-behavioural, interpersonal, humanistic, and psychodynamic therapy (a combination of various kinds of treatment). Psychotherapy can be done individually, with family, partners or groups.
  
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Minggu, 06 Januari 2019

Puberty Sign Be Teens

 

Puberty Sign Be Teens

Puberty Sign Be Teens - Puberty is a stage of development of a child becoming sexually mature. In women, puberty occurs in the age range of 10-14 years and men; puberty occurs in the age range of 12-16 years.

In puberty, both girls and boys will feel a change in their body. These body changes occur because of hormonal changes during puberty. In addition to teenagers, parents should also understand the signs of puberty.

Signs of Puberty in Women

In women, puberty causes various changes in the body, such as:
  • Breasts begin to grow

    When entering adolescence, the breasts of young women will start to develop. It generally occurs at the age of 8-13 years and starts from the area around the nipple. The possibility of one breast increasing earlier than the other breast so that its size can differ between left and right. This condition is still considered normal. Noteworthy is if the difference is very striking or there are lumps in the breast.

    To find out a normal breast condition, you can routinely do your breast examination (BSE). How to look and touch the breast, is there anything that is not fair. This step aims to detect severe conditions in the chest early, such as cysts or breast cancer.


  •     Hair and pubic hair growth

    The mass of pubic hair and underarm hair is healthy and does not need to be worried or embarrassed. The most critical thing is to always keep the body clean, especially in the vital organs area.

  •     Menstruation

    Women have eggs that will become fetuses if fertilised or meet sperm from men. Every month, the uterus makes a layer of blood and tissue as a place to attach the egg to be fed. However, if the egg not fertilises, it will eventually dissolve and get out of the vagina in the form of menstrual blood. The menstrual period generally lasts around 2-7 days. Change pads regularly every 4-8 hours to maintain the cleanliness of vital organs.

Recognising Puberty in Men

In male adolescents, puberty also brings changes to the body, such as:

  • Enlarged size of the testicles and penis

    There is no standard benchmark for when this change occurs in adolescent boys. Increased penis size can happen since the age of 9 years or older, although some 15-year-olds who have not yet experienced it. However, don't worry because these conditions are usually still normal.

    Everyone experiences different physical development, both the age of change and its size. Therefore, do not confuse penis size and compare with other people's penis size. 


    You are advised to check the condition of the penis and testicles regularly after bathing to find out their normal shape. Also to get out whether there is a lump or not on the testis. If there is a lump when touched, there is a change in the colour of the testicles or feels pain, do not be shy to examine it to the doctor.

  • Experience wet dreams

    During puberty, teenage boys will also experience wet dreams, namely ejaculation that occurs while sleeping. The wet dreams that you experience occur because of an increase in testosterone levels in the body. As we get older, the intensity of wet dreams will decrease.
  • Grow hair on the public and armpit area

    As well as in adolescent girls, adolescent boys will experience the growth of fine hairs around the genitals and armpits.
  • The Voice Becomes Larger

    Laryngeal enlargement, which is the organ where the vocal cords locate, will make the noise of the male adolescent sound more massive. This condition is often known as male voice rupture. Is normal because the body is adapting to the size of the larynx

    This burst sound will occur for several months, in the age range of 11-15 years. After that, the music will continue to develop to perfection and usually settles in the early 20s.

After entering puberty, young women can get pregnant during the fertile period, and adolescent boys can fertilise. During these times too, a teenager will experience an increase in sex hormones as a natural development of the body.

It is essential for teens and parents to recognise signs of puberty. Give proper sex education to children. Also, parents also need to help adolescents foster a sense of responsibility in making any decisions regarding their bodies, to avoid the danger of promiscuity.
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Sabtu, 05 Januari 2019

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Explanation About

 

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Explanation About

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening or examination of abdominal aortic aneurysm is an examination procedure that aims to examine the abnormal widening of the aorta. The study recommends since the beginning of the abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs because if it is too late, the size of the aorta can be more dilated and broken.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition of widening the aorta in the abdomen, abnormally. The aorta is the main artery blood vessel that comes out of the heart, to supply blood throughout the body.

Not yet known precisely the cause of abdominal aortic aneurysm, but several factors are thought to cause this condition. Among them are smoking, high blood pressure (hypertension), trauma due to accidents, hereditary diseases, and infections and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).

Indications for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Symptoms of abdominal aortic aneurysm are quite tricky to know. If any, the initial symptoms shown are not very pronounced. The traits of AAA characters by quite sharp pain around the abdomen, back pain and twitches around the navel.

Doctors will recommend examining abdominal aortic aneurysms in patients who are at risk of developing this condition. The main dangers of AAA are men over the age of 65 and smoking. Also, this examination also recommended for individuals aged 60 years or more with a family history of suffering from AAA.

Patients may have had an AAA examination with negative results. However, it does not rule out the possibility of re-examination of these patients.

Men are more at risk of suffering AAA than women. However, the risk of aortic rupture more often encounters by female patients.


Benefits of Examining Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Anorexia of the abdominal aorta can be dangerous if not treated immediately. As many as 80 percents of AAA patients lose their lives because they are late in getting treatment.

Here is the importance of examining the abdominal aorta. By knowing AAA from an early age, efforts can be made to prevent the dilated aorta from rupturing. Examination of an abdominal aortic aneurysm using ultrasonography (USG) is a procedure that is painless, fast, and reliable. Some doctors even state that AAA checks early can reduce half of the deadly risks.


Before Examination of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - There is no special preparation for the examination of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Because you will undergo a test using the abdominal ultrasound method, the development is no different from an abdominal ultrasound.

The doctor will recommend emptying the stomach or fasting for 8-12 hours before the procedure. The food and drinks consumed can become dirt and urine, which makes the image on the ultrasound less clear.
Procedure for Examination of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Please note, the examination of abdominal aortic aneurysms can go through some diagnostic methods.

  • Ultrasonography (USG). There is the most commonly performed AAA diagnostic method. Ultrasound is considered safe, has an accuracy of up to 98 per cent, and does not require surgery/incision (noninvasive).
  • X-ray X-rays will show a picture of calcium deposits around the abdomen due to the formation of an aneurysm wall. The disadvantage of this examination method is that it cannot know the size or extent of a developing aneurysm.
  • CT scan. A CT scan is done by previously injecting a special dye into a vein. This diagnostic method is believed to have a high degree of accuracy in determining the size or extent of the spread of aortic aneurysms. CT scans are also quite useful for knowing the location of aneurysms.
  • MRI. Performed in patients who have allergies to special dyes used in CT scans and aortograms, or in patients who have kidney disease.
Before the investigation does, the doctor will start with a physical examination, especially the abdominal area.

Ultrasound in the abdominal aortic aneurysm lasts quite short, about 10-15 minutes. The doctor will ask the patient to lie comfortably in bed before examining the patient's abdomen (stomach). 


During the examination, the doctor will press the patient's stomach with an ultrasound transducer that has smear with a clear gel. The ultrasound screen will display images showing the patient's aortic condition.
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Jumat, 04 Januari 2019

Recognise Nutrition and Benefits of Mung Beans for Pregnant Women


Recognise Nutrition and Benefits of Mung Beans for Pregnant Women

Nutrition and Benefit of Mung Beans - There are various benefits of green beans for pregnant women who need not doubt. There are many beneficial nutrients in green beans. These three vitamins and minerals are substances that are required by women during pregnancy.

When pregnant, eating healthy foods must be improved. It recommends consuming a variety of foods because pregnant women need a variety of nutrients to help the health of fetal growth and development.

The content of Mung Bean is beneficial for pregnant women.

There are various benefits of green beans for pregnant women who see from the content of vitamins and nutrients in them:
  • Helps baby's brain development

    One of the substances in green beans is thiamin, which is also known as vitamin B1. The main benefit of thiamin is to convert carbohydrates into energy. Even though you are pregnant, fulfilling your thiamin needs is very helpful in maintaining your baby's health at birth. In the room to play a role in supporting the function of muscles, nervous system, and heart in pregnant women, thiamin function is also crucial in helping the development of the baby's brain.
  • Prevents low birth weight babies and premature births

    The benefits of green beans for pregnant women are no less significant, namely as a source of iron. Pregnant women should get additional iron for placental growth and fetal development, especially in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Iron deficiency during pregnancy raises the risk of low birth weight babies, premature babies and infant mortality. During pregnancy, pregnant women need more iron, which is around 25 mg per day.
  • Prevent congenital disabilities in infants

    Nutrition and Benefit of Mung Beans - Folic acid contained in green beans need during pregnancy, so it often touts as a hero substance for pregnant women. A study shows that taking folic acid before pregnancy can help prevent congenital disabilities including neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, encephalocele and anencephaly. Consumption of folic acid as much as 400 mcg per day before and during pregnancy will help prevent babies born with abnormalities in the brain and spinal cord.

Various nutrients can take as benefits of green beans for pregnant women. After knowing the nutritional content, you certainly don't need to hesitate to consume green beans during pregnancy. You can make green beans as an additional intake in the daily menu, in addition to fruits and vegetables. Further consultation with the obstetrician, to get the right nutritional advice during pregnancy.
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