Jumat, 11 Januari 2019

An explanation of the psychiatrist or Mental medicine specialists


An explanation of the psychiatrist or Mental medicine specialists

An explanation - A psychiatrist is a specialist who studies mental health and behaviour (psychiatry). Psychiatry itself is a branch of medical science that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of emotional, psychological, and behavioural disorders. Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat mental disorders in patients.

To become a psychiatrist, a person must complete education as a general practitioner, then continue specialisation in the field of psychiatry for approximately four years. Graduates of psychiatric or psychiatric specialists will then get the degree of Sp.KJ and can be called a psychiatrist.

Diseases Treated by Psychiatrists

Psychiatrists have in-depth knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, and treatment and treatment of various kinds of diseases or problems related to psychiatric disorders. Below are diseases or conditions handled by psychiatrists:
  • Organic mental disorders.
  • Mental and behavioural disturbances
  • Sleep disorders, such as insomnia, hypersomnia, sleep cycle disorders, nightmares, and sleepwalking.
  • Sexual problems, such as parafilia, disorders of desire and sexual arousal, vaginismus, dyspareunia, orgasmic disorders, and sexual dysfunction.
  • Eating disorders
  • Emotional and behavioural disorders in children or adolescents, for example, developmental disorders, intellectual disability, behavioural disorders, hyperactivity, and autism.
  • Personality disorder.
  • The presence of anxiety
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
  • Psychosis-like schizophrenia.
  • Mood disorders such as bipolar disorder, depression.

When to go to a psychiatrist?

An explanation - It recommended that you see a psychiatrist when you experience physical, psychological or illness problems caused by mental issues. The following complaints or symptoms can use as a reason why you should go to a psychiatrist to get a solution:
  • Often feeling anxious and panic.
  • trouble sleeping
  • Can't keep quiet.
  • Changes in appetite both lacking and excessive.
  • Sad or empty for no reason.
  • Rapid mood swings unknown causes.
  • Difficult to undergo daily activities because they have no motivation.
  • Feel helpless.
  • A desire or attempted suicide appears.
  • The existence of hallucinations, for example, hearing voices that don't exist.
  • Have or have been abusing drugs or taking drugs.
  • Have a strange and illogical mindset.

Actions Performed by Psychiatrists

Psychiatrists can evaluate psychological and medical data through a psychiatric medical examination to determine the diagnosis and work with patients to make treatment plans. As a doctor, psychiatrists can also find out the symptoms experienced by patients, as well as perform psychological tests (psychological tests) and supporting tests such as blood tests, urine, CT scans, MRI, and EEG if needed.

The results of the discussion, question and answer session and various psychological and laboratory tests will be analysed by the psychiatrist to describe the patient's physical and mental condition. The following are actions that psychiatrists can take to treat patients:

  • Psychotherapy and counselling

    Psychotherapy and counselling is a speech therapy performed by psychiatrists to overcome various kinds of mental and emotional disorders suffered by patients. Psychotherapy and counselling aim to help patients overcome or control severe symptoms. How often the speech therapy session adjusted to the problem experienced by the patient. Psychotherapy can be done individually, in pairs, with family, or done in groups.

  • Prescribe medicines

    Psychiatrists can prescribe drugs to help treat mental disorders experienced. Medications commonly prescribed by psychiatrists are sedative and anxiolytic drugs (for handling anxiety disorders and insomnia), antipsychotic drugs (for the treatment of hallucinatory disorders and schizophrenia), antidepressant drugs (for treating depression, OCD, eating disorders, anxiety disorders), stimulants (for ADHD treatment), and mood stabilizing drugs (for the treatment of bipolar disorder).

  • Hypnotherapy

    Hypnotherapy is one of the actions that can be done by a psychiatrist to stimulate patients to sleep or maintain sleep. In psychiatry, hypnotherapy along with other therapeutic methods is applied to help deal with phobias, anxiety disorders, help change bad behaviour, and relieve pain.