Senin, 07 Januari 2019

Psychologists In Family Mental

Psychologists In Family Mental

Psychologists - A psychologist is a specialist in psychology who focuses on a person's thoughts and behaviour. Psychologists generally use psychotherapy to help clients or patients to overcome problems that affect their mental state and health.

In resolving psychological problems or improving patient behaviour, psychologists can work together with psychiatrists and doctors who handle patients. Collaboration carried out if the patient requires treatment as well as psychotherapy and counselling from a psychologist.

Types of Psychologists

General psychologists can explore different fields of psychology after graduating from a psychology undergraduate education program (S1 or S.Psi). Many areas of psychology can be studied more deeply, including industrial and organisational psychology, child and adult clinical psychology, and educational psychology. After completing further education, psychologists will have a Masters in Psychology (M.Psi).

The following are the types of psychologists:

  • Industrial psychologists and organisations

    Industrial and organisational psychologists (PIOs) study behaviour in the workplace and help filter out the best employees for certain positions, and increase employee productivity in a company or organisation. Also, PIO also has the task of creating training programs for company employees to improve knowledge and skills, maximise efficiency, and reduce corporate losses.

  • Educational psychologist

    Educational psychologists learn how someone learns. Educational psychologists can participate in making instructions and strategies for teaching. Most educational psychologists also learn about talent and the problem of one's learning abilities, and how social, cognitive, and emotional factors influence a person's learning abilities.
  • Clinical psychologist

    Clinical psychologists examine, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from mental health problems and psychological stress, using psychotherapy and counselling. Usually, clinical psychologists work in hospitals, mental health clinics, or self-practice. Clinical psychologists can have specific expertise in adult or child mental health, or have a specialisation in the field of medicine for drug abuse.

  • Social psychologist

    Social psychologists study and examine the behaviour and mindset of a group in society. Social psychologists can also investigate how attitudes, judgments, ways of communication, interpersonal relationships, and aggressive behaviour can arise in a community group.

Conditions or Problems Treated by Psychologists

Psychologists - Psychologists have in-depth knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, and handling related mental health problems. Also, psychologists can also find out, analyse causes, and provide solutions to psychological problems experienced by a person through changes in attitude or lifestyle. Some types of services and mental disorders that can be handled by psychologists include:
  • Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD, phobias, panic attacks, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Mood swings or mood disorders
  • Addiction or addiction, such as drugs, alcohol, or gambling.
  • Eating disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • Schizophrenia or other psychiatric disorders that show hallucinatory psychotic disorders in sufferers.
  • Excessive Phobias fear of specific objects or situations.
  • Of patients with their spouse, family, friends and other people.
  • Psychological disorders which relate to traumatic events

Actions Psychologically Performed

The following are things that psychologists can do:

  • Conduct psychological interviews and psychological tests

    Psychologists will examine and assess a person's intellectual abilities and mental health through psychological interviews and psychological tests. From these examinations, psychologists can evaluate intellectual level, cognitive strengths and weaknesses, talents and work preferences, character, personality, and mental functions of patients.

  • Psychotherapy or counselling

    Generally, after making a diagnosis, a psychologist will deal with someone who has a mental disorder, trauma, or phobia, using speech therapy or psychotherapy. Types of psychotherapy are cognitive, behavioural, cognitive-behavioural, interpersonal, humanistic, and psychodynamic therapy (a combination of various kinds of treatment). Psychotherapy can be done individually, with family, partners or groups.